A recent poll in Britain found that public support for sanctions against Russia is falling as fuel and prices rise.
The proportion of people willing to accept higher fuel prices as a result of western sanctions against Russia fell 14 percentage points to 36% from 50% in March, according to a survey conducted for the Telegraph by consultancy Redfield & Wilton Strategies.
Global energy and fuel prices have soared since the start of the year and remain high because of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine and uncertainty over Russian supplies.
The survey also found that 54% of people believe their own financial situation has worsened in the past year, up 12 percentage points from 42% two months ago. Sixty-two percent think things will get worse in the year ahead. Less than a third of respondents said they had received a pay rise to keep up with inflation, with two-thirds of those saying it was not enough to keep up with rising living costs.
The figures suggest that public concern about the conflict with Ukraine is now likely to be overtaken by financial worries.
Separately, the UK's consumer price index rose 7 percent this month from a year earlier, the highest since March 1992, according to figures released recently by the Office for National Statistics. In addition, a separate report released a few days ago by the Centre for Economics and Business Research said that real household disposable income in the UK will fall by 3% in 2022, equivalent to a loss of £2,320 per household, which would lead to the biggest drop in living standards since the 1950s. That is mainly because wages aren't keeping up with rising energy and fuel costs.
The prices of other commodities like the Lithium-ion batteries are also expected to be influenced.
Lithium-ion batteries have become hotspots in energy research due to their higher energy density, long service life, and smaller volume compared with lead-acid, nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal hydride, and other batteries, and no memory effect. One. The negative electrode material is one of the critical components of lithium-ion batteries. It acts as the acceptor of lithium ions and realizes the insertion and extraction of lithium ions during the charging and discharging process. Therefore, the quality of the negative electrode material directly affects the overall performance of the lithium-ion battery. Graphite and modified graphite are widely used as anode materials for commercial lithium-ion batteries. Still, their theoretical capacity is only 372mAh/g, which significantly restricts the development of high-energy power batteries. Group IV element (silicon, germanium, tin)-based anode materials have become a research hotspot for next-generation lithium-ion batteries due to their high theoretical capacities (3579mAh/g, 1600mAh/g, 994mAh/g, respectively). However, silicon, germanium, and tin-based anode materials have the problem of significant volume expansion during the charging and discharging process. Long-term charging and discharging will cause the pulverization of particles and the shedding of active materials, thus affecting the cycle stability of lithium-ion batteries.
In recent years, the advanced lithium-ion battery team led by Han Weiqiang, a researcher at the Institute of New Energy Technology affiliated with the Ningbo Institute of Materials Technology and Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences, has made a series of progress in high-capacity silicon, germanium, and tin-based anode materials. In terms of high-performance silicon-based anode materials, researchers have developed a low-cost, high-capacity, and high-stability porous silicon-based anode material technology. By carbon coating, the porous silicon, the performance of the silicon-based negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries is further improved. The capacity retention rate of the silicon-carbon composite electrode material was 86.8% after 300 charge-discharge cycles. Related research has applied for Chinese invention patents (201410150747.5, 201410276413.2), and the research results were published in NanoEnergy (2015, 11, 490-499) in the form of Communication.
Based on the previous work, the team synthesized and prepared a series of new phase MSn5 (M=Fe, Co, Fe0.5Co0.5) alloy nano-anode materials using the wet chemical method of improving polyols. The synthesized FeSn5 alloy nanoparticles have a theoretical capacity of 929mAhg-1 when used as a negative electrode material for lithium-ion batteries, which is the material with the highest theoretical specific capacity among the reported M-Sn (M is an electrochemically inert metal) alloy. The researchers prepared a series of Fe0.5Co0.5Sn5 new phase alloy nanoparticles with a 30-50nm particle size range, which further expanded the Co-Fe-Sn phase diagram. Related achievements have applied for invention patents (2013104705134, 201310706760X, 2103715406A). At the same time, the charge-discharge mechanism was deeply discussed and explained by in-situ XAFS, in-situ XRD, and electrochemical test methods. The research on the electrochemical mechanism of this series of tin-based new phase alloy anode materials provides effective theoretical guidance for the team's subsequent development of high-performance tin-based anode materials. Relevant results were published in JournalofMaterialsChemistryA (2015, 3(13):7170-7178) and ACS Appl.Mater.Interfaces (2015,7,7912-7919).
The team has also made progress in the research and development of long-life titanium-based anode materials, applying for an invention patent (201310685139. X), and the relevant results were published in the Journal of Materials Chemistry (2014(2), 10599-10606).
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The current international situation is highly uncertain, and its economic impact has not been able to be assessed properly. In addition, rising energy and commodity prices and supply chain disruptions are expected to push the price of the Lithium-ion batteries higher.
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